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Coffee Compendium

This page contains information about grinds, roasting, terminology, our beans and more. If you have any questions that aren't answered on this page please don't hesitate to ask!

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Grinds and Brewing Equipment

This chart will help you determine which kind of grind to request for your preferred brewing method.

Grind Best For
Whole Bean
Coarse Chemex / French Press | Cold Brew
Medium Coarse Chemex / French Press | Pour Over | Drip | Cold Brew
Medium Chemex / French Press | Pour Over | Drip | Cold Brew | Syphon | Aeropress / V60 | Percolator
Medium / Fine Grind Pour Over | Drip | Syphon | Espresso | Aeropress / V60 | Percolator
Espresso Grind Syphon | Espresso | Aeropress / V60 | Percolator
Turkish Grind Espresso | Percolator | Turkish
Roast Levels

This chart will help you determine which kind of roast to request for your preferred flavor profile.

Roast Level Flavor Profile
Italian Thin Body / Burnt & Smokey Notes / No Origin or Varietal Flavor / Low Acidity
Full French Full Body / Spicy Flavor / Burnt & Smokey Notes / Weaker Mouth-Feel / Lower Acidity
Light French* Medium Body / Roast Dominant Flavor / Bitter Notes / Lower Acidity
Full City Plus* Medium Body / Shift of Origin & Varietal to Roast Flavors / Chocolate & Caramel Notes / Lower Acidity
Full City* Medium Body / Balance of Origin, Varietal & Roast Flavors / Chocolate & Caramel Notes / Lower Acidity
City Plus* Light Body / Fruity & Sweet / Highlights Origin & Varietal Flavors / High Acidity
City Light Body / Floral & Sweet / Highlights Origin & Varietal Flavors / Citrus Notes / High Acidity
Cinnamon Light Body / Floral / Notes of Citrus & Toasted Grain / High Acidity
Learn more about our beans.
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Name Origin Flavors
Brazil Salmo Plus-Farm Gate 12 Farmers Santo Domingo, Brazil, South America Milk Chocolate, Peanut Butter, Raisin, Graham Cracker With Hints Of Strawberry. 🕚
Costa Rica Jaguar-Supports Endangered Jaguars Habitat Tarrazu, Costa Rica, Central America Raspberry, Tropical Fruit, Honey, Milk Chocolate, Roasted Almond
Guatemala Finca La Pila Shb - Rainforest Alliance Certified Guatemala, Guatemala, Central America Chocolate, Citrus, Roasted Almond Rain Forest Alliance🕚
Brazil Corrado - Export Grade Corrado, Brazil, South America Sugarcane, Caramel, Chocolate And Nuts 🕚
(Organic) Sumatra Mandheling Mandheling, Indonesia, Oceania Chocolaty With Smoky Tones. 🕚
Colombia Exceiso-European Preparation Colombia, Colombia, Central America Cocoa, Roasted Nuts, Fruity, Citrus Zest 🕚
Kenya Aa - Double Fermented Mt. Kenya / Central Region, Kenya, Africa Balanced Cup With Notes Of Apricot, Stone Fruits, Current And Citrus. 🕚
(Organic) Guatemala Huchuetenango San Marcos/Santa Barbara/San Sebastian Huchuetenango, Guatemala, Central America Balanced. Flavor With Cherries, Blackberry, Cocoa And Winey Notes With A Clean Aftertaste And Smooth Body And Brown Sugar Aromas. USDA Organic🕚
Kenya Ab Lenada Coffee Grown By Smallholders Mt. Kenya / Central Region, Kenya, Africa Blackberry, Black Currant, Brown Spice, Maple Syrup
(Decaf) Santo Domingo - Swiss Water Process Santo Domingo, Peru, South America Milk Chocolate, Green Apple, Caramel CCOF OrganicFair TradeUSDA Organic🕚
Roasting Shack House Medium Roast Blend Various, Various, Various Balanced With Notes Of Milk Chocolate, Caramel, Nuts, Light Citrus
Roasting Shack House Dark Roast Blend Various, Various, Various Balanced With Notes Of Dark Chocolate, Caramel Notes, Nuts After Taste, Light Citrus
Roasting Shack Espresso Blend Various, Various, Various Well Balanced With Bright Citrus, Smooth Mouthfeel, Dark Chocolate, Nuts
Sumatra Weh Ilang Gayo - Roasters Pick Weh Ilang Gayo, Indonesia, Oceania Bold Sweetness, Dark Chocolate, Brown Sugar With And Pleasant Fruity Notes 🕚
(Organic) Honduras Pacavita - Supports Farm Los Lesquines Los Lesquines, Honduras, Central America Chocolate, Citrus, Almond, Stone Fruit CCOF OrganicUSDA Organic🕚
Sierra De Las Minas Jade Reserve - Supports Small Scale Farmers Sierra De Las Minas, Guatemala, Central America Milk Chocolate, Concord Grape, Brown Sugar, Granola 🕚
(Organic) Congo Kivu - Supports Small Scale Farmers Virunga, Congo, Africa Inviting Notes Of Chocolate And Smooth With Notes Of Raspberry, Blueberry, And Dark Chocolate USDA Organic🕚
Rwanda Isimbi - Rain Forest Alliance Certified Karongi District, Lake Kivu, Rwanda, Africa Hints Of Lemon, Strong Fruit And Berry Flavor Fair TradeRain Forest AllianceUSDA Organic🕚
Guatemala Sierra De Las Minas - Supports Jade Reserve Guatemala , Guatemala, Central America Milk Chocolate, Concord Grape, Brown Sugar, Granola 🕚
(Organic) Mexico Chiapas - Roasters Pick Southern Highlands Of Chiapas, Mexico, North America Mild And Flavorful Body With Sweet Notes Of Brown Sugar, Pear And A Very Clean, Nutty Finish. Fair TradeUSDA Organic🕚
Sumatra Mandheling Grade 1 - Supports Various Small Farms Karo Highlands, Indonesia, Oceania Dark Chocolate, Prune, Tobacco, Earthy 🕚
Roasting Shack Morning Blend Various , Various, Various Dark Chocolate, Peanut Butter, Pleasant Fruity Notes With A Hint Of Granola 🕚
Vietnam Robusta - Family Owned Export Business Vietnam, Viet Nam, Asia Unique Deliciously Dark, Rich, High-Caffeine Coffee That Stimulates The &Amp;Amp;#34;Back Palate&Amp;Amp;#34;
India Monsooned Malabar Aa Malabar Coast, India, Asia A Strong, Full-Bodied, Malty Sweet, Smoky, And Earthy Cup Of Coffee...Amazing Espresso 🕚
(Organic) ** Customer Top Pick ** Guatemala Huehuetenango Shb Ep Huehuetenango, Guatemala, Central America Milk Chocolate, Granola, Caramel, Walnut, And Notes Of Fruit USDA Organic🕚
Dr. Congo Kive G3 South Kivu , Congo, Africa Raisin, Coffee Cherry, Tomato, Savory, Caramel CCOF OrganicUSDA Organic🕚
Costa Rica Finca La Pastora Santa Maria De Dota, Costa Rica, Central America Cherry, Pastry Cream, Strawberries, And Chocolate With A Floral-Fruity Aroma 🕚
(Organic) Honduras Reserva Pacavita Pacavita, Honduras, Central America Milk Chocolate, Citrus, Almond CCOF OrganicUSDA Organic🕚
Indonesia Sulawesi Toraja Sulawesi / Toraja, Indonesia, Asia Raw Honey, Chocolate/Spice Tones, Deep Toffee – Slight Berry 🕚
Panama Balboa Shb Ep Boquete, Panama, Central America Balanced Cup With Chocolate And Caramel Notes 🕚
Ecuador Hacienda Santa Gertrudis Loja, Ecuador, South America Floral, Black Tea With Citrus Notes
Colombia Cauca Juan Tama Washed Excelso Ep Inza, Colombia, South America Milk Chocolate, Stone Fruit, Apple, Lemon &Amp;Amp; Lime, Cane Sugar Fair TradeUSDA Organic🕚
Ethiopia Yirgacheffe Sidama / Yirgacheffe, Ethiopia, Africa Red Berries, Jasmine, Citrus, Orange Zest With Floral Hints Of Raspberry, Blueberry. 🕚

Learn about the various ways to process green beans.

Process Description
Washed The coffee cherry is pulped by a machine, removing the red or yellow outer skin of the cherry. Washing method is the most common and often produces the highest quality coffee.
Pulped Natural or Honey This method in which the fresh coffee cherries are de-pulped but dry without washing. The remaining golden, sticky mucilage is reminiscent of honey, which is where the process gets its name.
Natural or Dry Unwashed or natural sundried refer to the same method of processing that usually involves drying coffee cherries either on patios or raised beds in the direct sun.
Double Fermented Farmers de-pulp the cherries immediately after harvest and place the mucilage coated seeds in fermentation tanks.
Swiss Water Process Decaffeination. Using the Swiss Water Process, the coffee beans are soaked in caffeine-free green coffee extract, allowing the caffeine to be extracted from the bean and into the solution while the flavor components are retained in the beans. The now caffeine-saturated green coffee extract is then processed through activated charcoal to remove the caffeine, thus becoming caffeine-free again and ready to extract caffeine from a new batch of coffee. The coffee beans are then dried to their originating moisture level and re-bagged. The Swiss Water Process results in coffee that is 99.9% caffeine free.

Learn more about coffee certifications and understand how your coffee affects the world.

Certification Definition
4C is a code of conduct that coffee producers sign up to follow. It gives producers sustainable and traceable practices and principles for economic, social, and environmental aspects of the production of coffee beans.
Bird Friendly
Bird Friendly certified means it gives farmers a higher price for their coffee if they utilize biodiversity in their production methods. This would mean the farmer retains natural foliage cover and utilizes natural conditions to grow their coffee and encourages quality habitat for birds and other wildlife. This of course means less production and a higher amount of farmer care to produce these coffee beans.
CCOF Organic
CCOF is a nonprofit organization that advances organic agriculture for a healthy world through organic certification, education, advocacy, and promotion.
Coffee Quality Institue
Since 1996, Coffee Quality Institute (CQI) has worked to improve the quality of coffee and the lives of people who produce it. Quality is one of the most important variables that influence a coffee's value. However, many producers do not have access to the tools and support they need to understand the quality of their coffee, improve that quality, access markets that reward that quality, ultimately enabling them to make more informed business choices. That's where we the Coffee Quality Institue comes in.
Fair Trade
Fair Trade helps producers in developing countries to achieve sustainable and equitable trade relationships. Typically this increases the cost in exporters but is designed to improve social and environmental standards. This is loosely regulated and infractions are not enforced aggressively.
Rain Forest Alliance
Rain Forest certification means the coffee was produced by farmers or companies that work to protect the environment and workers rights. Works with UTZ Certified coffee.
USDA Organic
The National Organic Program (NOP) develops the rules & regulations for the production, handling, labeling, and enforcement of all USDA organic products. This process, referred to as rulemaking, involves input from the National Organic Standards Board (a Federal Advisory Committee made up of fifteen members of the public) and the public. The NOP also maintains a Handbook that includes guidance, instructions, policy memos, and other documents that communicate the organic standards.
UTZ Certified coffee is the largest program for sustainable farming of coffee in the world. This program works to achieve reasonable agricultural practices, social and living conditions, farm management, and environmentally sustainable. Works directly with Rain Forest Alliance. Both of these organizations work to slow or prevent deforestation, climate change, systematic poverty, and social inequality.

What do all these terms mean?

Term Definition
Acidity Acidity is the bright / dry sensation that you taste when you drink coffee. Acidity is not a sour sensation and is not a defect. It is a good thing typically. At best it is a sweetly tart vibrancy that lifts the coffee and pleasurably and stretches its range and dimension of tastes.
Body This describes the physical properties and tactile sensations perceived by the mouth such as the sense of heaviness or mouthfeel as the coffee rests on the tongue. Characteristics may include the sensation of oiliness, graininess and wateriness.
Q Grade This signifies an independent verification of quality. The green coffee samples are sent to 3 licensed Q Graders, which are professionally accredited cuppers, and are cupped and scored. In the end... it's just three opinions. A high Q grade does not necessarily mean a better tasting bean.
Limited Release This is just the Roasting Shack trying a new product. If you like it, let us know by e-mail and we will carry it. Please let us know how much weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly you would be consuming. We try all different kinds of coffee to give you variety. We will add it to our carry list if it seems that the coffee has a following.
Organic Organic coffee is produced with no artificial chemicals, fertilizers, pesticides or herbicides. This makes the risk of producing coffee more prone to environmental and insect damage. Certified organic increases production costs and overall costs throughout the supply chain. To be organic the coffee must be 95 percent grown under organic conditions. If we add an organic to our list of ethically sourced it means we can trace down its origin to the farmer or small co-op.
Cause Supported If the coffee is used to assist a cause that betters or protects the environment or animal species. This can also mean the coffee supports a non-profit group that the coffee distributor or the Roasting Shack supports. You can find specifics in the description of each coffee.
Ethically Sourced The Roasting Shack is committed to supporting ethical farming and production of coffee crops. We aim to carry coffee beans that can be traced back to the farmer or co-op it originated from. We strive to support programs that improve the quality of life for those who are producing coffee at the family, farmer group, small co-op level. We understand that many of the below coffee labels are not strictly regulated but we also know they do improve the quality of life of the farmer and in many cases benefits the environment. If you don't see a globe next to one of our coffee choices it means we could not validate the coffee producer or the exact farming conditions the beans came from.
Direct Trade Direct Trade sources from small coffee producers direct. This also increases the cost of the coffee bean but typically directly benefits the small farmer or co-op.
Farm Gate Farm Gate allows small coffee producers the ability to get premium prices for coffee quality. This benefits the farmer directly and avoids co-ops that don't reward the farmers for high quality coffee crops. Some co-ops don't share the premium prices with its members directly or at all.